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Ruth N. Macharia

Post Graduate Student: School of Business Kenyatta University, Kenya

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Feristus Hilda Makhamara (Ph.D)

Lecturer: School of Business Kenyatta University, Kenya

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CITATION: Macharia, R. N & Makhamara, F. H. (2019). Strategic Planning and Organization Planning in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Kenya. International journal of strategic management. Vol. 8 (10) pp 1 – 17.



Purpose: The purpose of the study is to determine the effect of strategic planning on organizational performance in the public sector in Kenya.

Methodology: The methodology employed a descriptive research design. This study focused on 284 staff of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. The study utilized a descriptive research design. The design gave an opportunity for a comprehensive description and analysis of the variables involved in the study while clearly outlining the relationship between variables. A stratified sampling technique was used in this study. The sample size was determined through Krejcie and Morgan’s method, comprising of 48 respondents. Primary data was collected by means of a semi-structured questionnaire. Test-retest technique of reliability testing was employed. The data collected was analyzed using descriptive statistics (measures of central tendency, regression and measures of variations) with the help of statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) version 20 to achieve the objectives of the study. The findings were presented using tables, frequencies and percentages.

Findings: The study found out that the calculated value was greater than the critical value and indication that strategy implementation, strategic evaluation, working environment and organizational culture all have a significant effect on organizational performance. The significance value was less than 0.05 indicating that the model was significant.

Unique contribution to the theory, practice and policy: The study recommended that future studies should consider replication using different approach so as to incorporate other aspects of strategic planning and organizational performance other than the ones in the study.

Keywords: Strategic Planning, Strategic Implementation, Strategic Evaluation, Work Environment, Organizational Culture, Organizational Performance.


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