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Kaithia David Arungai

Kenya Methodist University, Kenya


The study sought to establish the factors influencing implementation of strategic plans in public secondary schools   in Kenya. Specifically, the study sought to establish the effects of   management commitment, communication, culture and structure on strategy implementation. This study furthered literature by investigating the level of implementation of the strategic plans in public secondary schools. The study adopted a cross sectional survey but a mixed method design. A survey of 25 public secondary schools in Igembe south district was done. The survey achieved a response rate of 96% among schools. The subjects of the study were the BOG members, principals and teachers. Data was collected by use of structured questionnaires as well as retrieval of secondary information. Pilot study was carried out on three respondents to test the validity and reliability of the research instrument. Data collected was analyzed through descriptive statistics and frequencies. The Pearson’s correlation coefficient was computed. In addition, the logit regression was used to predict failure or success of implementation of strategic plans given the factors involved. Data presentation was done using tables, pie charts and bar graphs. The study found that majority (90%) of the schools had started on the strategic plans process but were struggling to finance such processes. While there was widespread knowledge of the plans, very little has been achieved with over 95% of the schools rated 4 out of 10, on the implementation scale. The study further established that, the biggest challenges to strategy implementation were the inflexible school structure that hampered empowerment and communication across the entire organizations. The study recommends an overhaul in the management structure and leadership to allow new ideas and a new culture that is responsive to change.

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