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NGOS’ ROLE IN COMBATING UNEMPLOYMENT: THE CASE OF SOME SELECTED NON-PROFIT ORGANIZATIONS IN ADDIS ABABA


Serawit Handiso

Addis Ababa, Ethiopia


ABSTRACT

This research was conducted to inspect the magnitude of NGOs’ involvement in addressing the predicament of unemployment in Addis Ababa. The impacts of religious and secular organizations in mitigating unemployment problem had been assessed.  Four NGOs, namely, EVAD, CAWPA, EOC/DICAC and EEMYC/ DIASSC had been selected, randomly. Using purposive sampling technique, a total of 60 systematically selected, significant proportion of them being alumnae and on-training, beneficiaries had been administered. Of these respondents, 40% were women. Four low-to-top level managers and eight staff members had been recruited for Focus Group Discussion, Key Informant Interview and In-depth Interviews. The necessary data had been collected and the required variables had been analyzed using both descriptive and quantitative methods. To analyze the data quantitatively, SPSS program had been employed. As the primary data of the variables in the field survey is discrete type, chi-square test was used. Accordingly, 79 % said that they were satisfied with the services being provided by these NGOs. Almost all the respondents, 76 %, said that the credit services and follow up after graduation was poor. The result further depicted that all these NGOs had brought a substantial transformation in the socio-economic status of these beneficiaries. Not only to curtail this escalating problem  of unemployment but also the mounting socioeconomic problem of Addis Ababa, formulating policies augmenting the labor force demand, revisiting the existing curricula of the tertiary education and encouraging the NGOs contributing to unemployment reduction through  recognition and reward in a consistent mode is quite indispensable.


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