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SMALL-HOLDERS IN SARAWAK AND ANAMBRA STATES’ PALM OIL INDUSTRIES: A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF WOMEN’S INVOLVEMENT


Anisiobi Anulika Loveline

Faculty of Social Sciences, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, Kota Samarahan, Sarawak, Malaysia

Okpara Izuagba Uchenna

Faculty of Social Sciences, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, Kota Samarahan, Sarawak, Malaysia

Nwanesi Peter Karubi

Faculty of Social Sciences, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, Kota Samarahan, Sarawak, Malaysia


ABSTRACT

This is a comparative study that examined women small-holders’ involvement in the palm oil industries of Malaysia and Nigeria. However, the core focus of this study is on women small-holders in the palm oil industry, who own their businesses solely and those that own theirs with their husbands, specifically in Sarawak and Anambra States. This study critically examined the roles or tasks done by these women. Qualitative method and non-probability sampling method, specifically purposive sampling was used to conduct this study. The instruments that were used to gather primary data are interview and observation; 32 respondents were involved in this study, 15 from Sarawak and 17 from Anambra. Face to face interview was conducted in Sarawak, while a technological tool (Skype video) was used to interview the respondents in Anambra. Given that this is a comparative study, its findings were analyzed in a comparative manner. The findings showed that there are some differences and similarities in the roles or tasks done by the respondents from Sarawak and Anambra, due to their cultural differences. It also showed that respondents from Anambra are more involved in the oil palm business, because unlike the respondents from Sarawak who only produce oil palm and sell the fresh fruit bunch (FFB) to the mills, those from Anambra extend their involvements in the business to the production and commercialization of palm oil.


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