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EVALUATION OF THE GOVERNMENT POLICIES ON THE PERFORMANCE OF RAIN-FED SORGHUM IN SUDAN: AN APPLICATION OF THE POLICY ANALYSIS MATRIX


Musa Yousif Mohammed Albour


ABSTRACT

Sudan's economy is predominantly based on agriculture. The importance of agriculture rests on its substantial contribution to GDP, export, employment and production of food and raw material for industries. The rain-fed subsystem plays an important role in the Sudanese economy. It accounts for a substantial share of agricultural GDP and it produces most of the country's requirements of the staple food, i.e. sorghum and millet, and provides a great share of the foreign currency. This study aims to applying one of the most powerful analytical techniques within the area of policy analysis; namely the policy analysis matrix (PAM), to assess the impact of adopted policies on the rain-fed sector. Within this respect three major objectives are pursued: (i) Quantifying the impact of adopted policies on rain-fed cultivation and production performance; (ii) Assessment of adopted policies on inputs use, resource utilization and rain-fed producers' incentives; (iii) The evaluation of the adopted policies. The collection of the data utilized for the analysis in this study took place through various surveys and visits to the sources from which the data was obtained. The result show that the government policy failed to achieve its objectives.


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