IJSSE - International Journal of Social Sciences and Entrepreneurship Upcoming Journals: International Journal of Innovation and Management (IJIM), International Journal of Engineering and Architecture (IJEA) & International Journal of Science and Agriculture | IJAE, IJEF & IJHRP Call for Papers - Forthcoming Issue (Decemer 2014). Submission deadline: 25th December 2014 |

No images

United States United States
Your Time

User Statistics Info
IJSSE is one of the leading International Journals by User Statistics!

Login Form

IJSSE Newsletter Form
Full Names *
E-mail Address: *
Country *
PDF Print E-mail




Sylvester Wakoli Bifwoli

M.A Religious Student

Kibabii University

CITATION: Bifwoli, S., W. (2016). The Secular Ethics of Assisted Reproductive Technology. International Journal of Arts and Entrepreneurship. Vol. 5 (11) pp 85-95.





A bioethicist called William B. 1988 in his book fertility treating published by New York State Force on Life has categorized the new reproductive technologies as; artificial fertilization artificial insemination invitro fertilization and embryo transfer alternative technology using male and female gamete cells and cloning or gamete reproduction.

Lissa G. 1978 was the first to introduce this process in her book High-tech reproductive technology explains how this fertilization occurs artificially than naturally while fertilization naturally occurs when male sperms (male genetic cells) are introduced into a woman’s body through an act of sexual intercourse and one of the sperm succeeds in penetrating the woman’s ovum (female genetic cells) and fertilizing it Artificial fertilization is brought about when sperm is not united with the female ovum through an act of sexual coition but by other means (Aigen, 1996).. Artificial fertilization martially it can be either homologous- when use genetic cells of a married couple or heterologous- when use of genetic cells of individuals not married to each other. In our case here we divide artificial fertilization into two; artificial insemination and invitro fertilization. In artificial insemination by use of a cannula or other instruments sperms is introduced into woman’s body and fertilization within woman’s body while invitro fertilization sperm and ovum are placed in a Petridis ( hence name invitro-in glass) and fertilized outside woman body (Bell, 1981).


Full Text PDF Format


Publication Disclaimer: The accountability of the article published in IJSSE journals is entirely of the author(s) concerned and not of the publisher/editor. The view expressed in the articles of any IJSSE journal is those of the contributors, and it does not essentially correspond to the views of the publisher/editor. It is responsibility of the authors to seek copyright clearance for any part of the content of the articles. The publisher/editor of IJSSE journals is not liable for errors or any consequences arising from the exercise of information contained in it.
Free counters!
IJSSE - International Journal of Social Sciences and Entrepreneurship | Copyright 2013 | All Rights Reserved  <